This paper, a contribution to the "Troubled Waters: Combating Modern Piracy with the Rule of Law" symposium, explores the question of who pays for rescue efforts associated with maritime piracy. The paper explores the availability of admiralty law's salvage awards to governmental and non-governmental actors who intervene to rescue vessels and crew from pirates. Such awards provide an unusual incentive to rescue, traditionally unavailable for land-based rescue, but may raise complicated questions of policy and international law. The paper concludes by comparing salvage awards to a recent trend in American states to adopt "Search and Rescue" expense statutes allowing governments to charge those rescued from land-based wilderness perils for the costs associated with intervention.
Rapp, Geoffrey Christopher. "Salvage Awards on the Somali Coast: Who Pays for Public and Private Rescue Efforts in Piracy Crises?" American University Law Review 59, no.5 (June 2010): 1399-1423.