The Tokyo Tribunal’s Legal Origins and Contributions to International Jurisprudence as Illustrated by Its Treatment of Sexual Violence

Document Type


Publication Date

October 2020


Introduction. When my generation of international legal scholars came of age, efforts to research the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (‘IMTFE’) turned up remarkably few resources, at least in the English-language literature. Those we found invariably began by noting how little attention the Tribunal had received compared to the International Military Tribunal (‘IMT’) in Nuremberg. And when legal scholars did acknowledge theTokyo Tribunal, they typically did so by adding “and Tokyo” to their reflections on Nuremberg’s legal legacy. Thus in the legal academy as in other disciplines, the Tokyo Tribunal was widely treated as “a sister institution, and nothing more."