Basic Facts of the Individual Complaint Procedure of the Inter-American Human Rights System
In this chapter, the author describes the evolution of the Inter-American human rights system to protect and promote human rights in member states of the Organization of American States (OAS). OAS members adopted the American Convention on Human Rights (which entered into force in 1978) and created two organs for supervision of States’ compliance with their human rights organizations: the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The Commission promotes the observance and protection of human rights, while the Court is the judicial body with both adjudicatory and advisory powers. The author details the development and refinement in the individual complaint proceedings in the Inter-American human rights system. The refinements have improved victims’ access while preserving crucial political tools of the Commission. Further, the system’s judicious treatment of petitions has preserved the jurisdictional rights of States and increased their participation in case adjudication and implementation of the Court and Commission’s decisions.
International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms
Inter-American human rights system, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Human Rights Law | Law
Rodriguez-Pinzon, Diego. “Basic Facts of the Individual Complaint Procedure of the Inter-American Human Rights System.” In International Human Rights Monitoring Mechnisms: Essays in Honour of Jakob Th. Moller, edited by Gudmundur Alfredsson et al, 619-634. Vol. 35 of The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library. 2nd rev. ed. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2009.