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INTRODUCTION: What do transactional lawyers do when they issue third-party opinion letters in financial transactions? This descriptive question turns out to be quite complex'-so complex that the normative question of what lawyers should do when they issue opinions, as well as the practical question of what they could do, are difficult to answer. This Symposium Article reflects upon third-party closing opinions as a central aspect of business law practice that can be opaque to outsiders. The ideas expressed here are exploratory. In the spirit of reflecting on what transactional lawyers do, this contribution considers deal lawyer strategies as potential tools for advancing the interests of non-parties affected by commercial transactions.