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INTRODUCTION: The remedies section of the Association of American Law Schools decided to hold a panel discussion at its annual meeting in January 1991 on two 1990 Supreme Court cases, Spallone v. United States' and Missouri v. Jenkins, because these cases raise some troubling questions about the implementation of constitutional remedies. Not surprisingly, the State and Local Government Section was also planning a panel discussion about the same cases because they involve federal courts in local governmental decisions. Thus, the two Sections combined their programs into a double, joint session, the proceedings of which are printed here. This article introduces the cases and discusses the remedial issues that they present.