Maria Jardeleza


Contrary to international human rights standards, laws that criminalize disorderly and disruptive behavior in schools neglect the needs of students with disabilities. These laws lead to the exclusion of students with disabilities from educational settings and are applied unfairly against them. This Article will first look at state statutes and school policies that grant broad discretion in determining when and how to exclude students from learning opportunities through suspensions, expulsions, and referrals to law enforcement1. Understanding the use of these statutes against students within the context of the data on school discipline rates for students with disabilities shows the disproportionate exclusion of students with disabilities.