Salmon aquaculture has developed commercially in countries with natural salmon populations since the 1970s. Aquaculture is the farming of fish under controlled conditions in natural water bodies or in closed systems. Fundación Chile, a nonprofit organization associated with the government whose goal is to foster Chilean business and industrial growth, introduced salmon aquaculture to Chile in the 1980s. The industry has boomed and Chile has become the world’s second largest salmon-producing country. Chilean salmon and trout exports have increased about 500% in the past decade. The expansion of commercial salmon aquaculture has resulted in the cost of salmon to consumers being one-fourth the cost in the 1980s.
Henson, Courtney. “The Real Price of Atlantic Salmon.” Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Fall 2008, 12, 67.