Indigenous people in Arctic observe and experience climate change first-hand. They notice the change in weather and glaciers and notice the changes in the group size or migration routes of certain species affected by climate change. Indigenous people are also a source of traditional knowledge as they have responded to major climatic and environmental changes by altering group sizes, relocating, and being flexible with seasonal cycles in hunting or employment. For example, the Inuit hunters have proved to be capable of identifying the new travel routes of species such as geese and caribou as they shift their migration in response to the climate change. However, the indigenous people have very limited opportunity to effectively voice their opinions in international dialogue on environment.
Park, Eunjung. “Searching for a Voice: The Indigenous People in Polar Regions.” Sustainable Development Law and Policy, Spring 2008, 30, 64-65.