Over the last century, industrialization and the air pollution that has come with it have put the planet and its future stability at risk. Artificial intelligence technology (AI), part of a larger "Fourth Industrial Revolution," has the potential to mitigate these effects through widespread implementation by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA is the governmental agency responsible for regulating air pollutants pursuant to the Clean Air Act (CAA). Congress delegated the authority to the EPA to regulate greenhouse gases (GHGs), such as carbon dioxide, that trap solar energy in the atmosphere. Under the CAA and the Supreme Court's decision in Massachusetts v. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, the EPA has both the authority and the duty to regulate GHGs using AI since it is the best available technology.
Palley, Lauren (2018) "Using Artificial Intelligence to Improve Data Accuracy of Air Pollutants Under the Clean Air Act," Sustainable Development Law & Policy: Vol. 19 : Iss. 1 , Article 4. Available at: https://digitalcommons.wcl.american.edu/sdlp/vol19/iss1/4