Claiming that the Kyoto Protocol (“Protocol”) was “fatally flawed in fundamental ways,” on June 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush simultaneously condemned the landmark international agreement against climate change and announced that the United States would withdraw from participation in it. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (“UNFCCC”) drafted the Protocol in 1997 in order to fight the potentially catastrophic effects of climate change through an international carbon dioxide (“CO2”) emissions reduction plan. Over 160 nations ratified the Protocol. The United States and Australia are the only countries in the developed world not to participate.
Feldon, Jon. “The Big Black Hole in the Kyoto Protocol: Was the Exclusion of Black Carbon Regulation a “Fatal Law”?” Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Winter 2007, 60-62, 85.