Over the past decade, Californians have witnessed ever increasing damage to the water quality and fish populations of the wine growing regions. Despite the best efforts of many winegrowers, agencies, and environmental groups, farming practices continue to exhaust certain species and violate provisions of the Endangered Species Act (“ESA”) and Clean Water Act (“CWA”). The lack of substantive law in this area makes conservation very difficult. Rather than settling for so-called incentive based voluntary programs, the time has come for California’s legislature to provide explicit and meaningful regulations to help safeguard California’s fish populations.
Erickson, Christine. “Fish Friendly Vineyards: Is Cooperative Conservation Enough?” Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Fall 2006, 55.