Many developing countries lack the necessary infrastructure and appropriate environmental regulations to handle hazardous chemicals in an environmentally sound manner. Effective technical and financial assistance for developing countries is necessary to achieve the Convention’s long-term success. Since “developing nations are the main recipients of international trade in chemicals that the Rotterdam Convention addresses,” it is vital that importing nations have the ability to evaluate the safety of the imported chemicals. This may prevent developed countries from exporting dangerous chemicals to developing countries as a way to cheaply dispose of them and avoid environmental regulations.
Oh, Sun Young. "Sound Management of Chemicals in Developing Countries Under the Rotterdam Convention." Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Spring 2006, 37, 74.