Prior Informed Consent ("PIC") is an important and timely topic because it raises and melds significant issues in the international community beyond those that involve the protection of human health and the environment. PIC is considered by many as both arising from and being an extension of several United States laws, specifically the Toxic Substances Control Act ("TSCA") of 1976. This is because TSCA includes provisions on export notification and conditions requiring the United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") to implement specific measures to control potential hazards associated with chemical substances or mixtures that present or will present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment. TSCA subjects those persons or companies seeking to export a chemical deemed hazardous by the EPA to a notification process as part of an information sharing procedure for the benefit of the receiving government.
Nakagawa, Melanie. "Overview of Prior Informed Consent from and International Perspective."Sustainable Development Law and Policy, Summer 2004, 4-8.