In February, the United States Agency for International Development (“USAID”), the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, and the Shell Petroleum Development Company (“SPDC”) signed an agreement to implement a $20 million development program in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Shell is the largest producer of Nigerian oil. The purpose of the program is to diversify the source of livelihoods in the impoverished region. Shell will contribute $15 million, and USAID will contribute $5 million, towards the development of a large-scale cassava enterprise. Shell plans to continue signing similar agreements with other international development agencies in an effort to ease the tension in underdeveloped communities in oil-bearing regions. The Niger Delta region has been the site of ethnic violence. In the past year, Shell was forced to evacuate its facilities due to violence in the Warri area.
Edwards, Lydia, Kirk Herbertson and Dave Karlinsky. "World News." Sustainable Development and Policy, Spring 2004, 50-53.