Challengers to the United States’ global influence, such as Brazil, China, and India, have criticized heavy polluters like the United States and the United Kingdom for significantly contributing to the world’s total carbon emissions but failing to share its green technologies with the rest of the world. Utilizing Rio+20 to redefine Article 31(b) of the World Trade Organization’s Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement should create an international framework for transfer of green technology through a patent process called compulsory licensing. Compulsory licensing allows a country to bypass a patent and create a generic copy of a technology by licensing it within its borders.
Gupta, Rishi R. "Compulsory Licensing in TRIPS: Chinese and Indian Comparative Advantage in the Manufacture and Exportation of Green Technologies." Sustainable Development Law & Policy 12, no. 3 (2012): 21, 54-55.