Lauren Tavar

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The industrialization of agricultural practices in the United States has led to significant negative environmental impacts affecting individuals’ use of natural resources such as groundwater. A main contributor to this environmental degradation includes Animal Feeding Operations (“AFOs”) that cluster animals, feed, manure and wastewater, dead animals, and production operations onto a small parcel of land for dairy, cattle, and poultry production operations. This common farming practice can also take place on a larger scale; a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operating (“CAFO”) is an AFO with more than 1000 animals units confined on a facility for more than 45 days during a year. While these operations are considered vital to the nation’s economy, they also entail waste mismanagement and drinking water impacts.