In the past two decades Mongolia has experienced significant environmental changes driven both by human action and climate change. These changes have had considerable detrimental effects on Mongolia’s economy and people. Basic survival in this country of harsh climates requires a careful balance with the environment. Climate change, which may exacerbate climatic extremes, in combination with unsustainable land use practices, have begun to change that balance and reveal Mongolia’s significant environmental vulnerabilities. In response to these changing conditions, the Mongolian government instituted a number of mitigating and adaptive measures to decrease its vulnerability, but without further economic diversification the success of these measures is limited.
Borgford-Parnell, Nathan. “Mongolia: A Case for Economic Diversification in the Face of a Changing Climate.” Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Winter 2009, 54-56, 75-76.