The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) is the first piece of federal legislation that expressly and exclusively addresses sexual abuse of persons in custody. Notwithstanding passage of the Act, there is a clear belief, echoed by correctional leaders, that prosecutors are reluctant at best, and unwilling at worst, to prosecute cases of sexual violence in correctional settings. In order to gather information on the prosecutor interest in and capacity to prosecute these cases, the National Institute of Corrections Project on Addressing Prison Rape at the Washington College of Law (the NIC/WCL Project) collected data from state and federal prosecutors.
Smith, Brenda V., and Jaime M. Yarussi. "Prosecuting Sexual Violence in Correctional Settings: Examining Prosecutors’ Perceptions." Criminal Law Brief 3, no. 2 (2008): 19-28.