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February 2005

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Vietnam Association for Victims of Agent Organe/Dioxin, et al., v. The Dow Chemical Company, et al., United States Court Eastern District of New York, Judge Jack B. Weinstein


This reply declaration elaborates the November 2, 2004 declaration on behalf of corporate defendants by Kenneth Anderson in the Agent Orange product liability ATS case heard before Judge Jack B. Weinstein. I have posted the declaration and this reply declaration to SSRN because of frequent requests for them from academics and because the declaration has been cited in scholarship.The reply declaration addresses the use of Agent Orange in the Vietnam War and the claim that its use in that period violated the laws of armed conflict. It discusses treaty and customary law of poison and poisoned weapons, issues of proportionality in the law of war, and sources of evidence for customary international law. In addition, it amplifies on views stated in the declaration that corporate and civil liability do not exist in international law, and discusses their status in international law with how these concepts are treated in US district court cases under the Alien Tort Statute.

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