This is a paper that analyzes Medicine Patent Pool licenses for three COVID-19 antivirals, including licensed territories, patent landscapes, supply options, regulatory status, and supply barriers arising from licensee acceptance of trade-secret information from the originator licensor. It concludes that at present there is no existing WHO prequalified licensee that can supply nirmatrelvir + ritonavir outside the Pfizer licensed territory, whereas there are potential molnupiravir licensees that can supply outside licensed territories where there is no blocking patent exists or a compulsory license has been issued in the country of import or use. The paper concludes with an assessment that trade-secret offers come with strings attached which prevent licenses from supplying outside of licensed territories.
Baker, Brook K., "MPP COVID-19 Antiviral Medicines Licenses – Licensed Territories, Supply Options for Excluded Territories, and Supply Barriers Arising from Trade-Secret Transfer" (2023). Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series. 106.