Luiz Vieria

Document Type


Publication Date



This year marks the 30th anniversary of the World Bank’s Inspection Panel (WBIP or Panel), created as the result of grass-roots and international pressure on the Bank to address the well-documented negative impacts on marginalised communities of the Bank-financed Narmada dam and similar projects.

The establishment of the world’s first independent accountability mechanism (IAM) at the World Bank led to the creation of similar mechanisms at nearly all international financial institutions (IFIs), with the IMF an important exception. The establishment of the WBIP and other IAMs was a step-change in accountability, as previously IFIs were only accountable to shareholders and borrowers – as opposed to communities affected by their investments. That said, at the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the establishment of the international human rights system, IAMs remain severely constrained in their ability to ensure IFIs ‘do no harm’ and contribute, rather than negatively impact the ability of citizens to avail themselves of their human rights.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.